Law schools provide a variety of specializations programs to fulfill the interests and career goals of law students. These specializations are bound to open the gates toward exciting career options for these students.
However, to help you find out what type of law you want to practice in the future, the first-year program is designed to educate you on the core abilities needed to become an attorney. After completing the main curriculum of your law school, you have the freedom to pursue a range of courses to determine which professional route is best for you.
But law assignments such as Employment law assignments are typically difficult to complete. These assignments necessitate a thorough understanding of legal terms and intricacies. To make sure you complete your main curriculum with flying colors, don’t hesitate to ask for help from our professional law writers.
12 Major Areas Of Law Specializations
In this blog, we’ve described the major areas of law you can choose for your future career. Read along to find out, which one is best for you!
1. Employment Law
Employment law (also called labor law or workers law) is concerned with the legal rights of both employees and employers and the relationship between them. In this sector, an attorney typically represents either an employer or employee, a group of employees, job candidates, a union, union employees, government employees, a company, a government agency, or interest groups.
The following are some of the common practice areas of employment and labor law:
- Wage disagreements
- Illegal terminations
- Child labor
- The right to form a union
- Workplace security
- Gender discrimination
2. Business Law
Business law is specially dealt with issues that affect businesses. This frequently includes both the strategic establishment of a new entity and the management of issues that arise as a result of a company’s existence.
Students who enjoy resolving complex problems involving several entities and developing strategic plans to assist individuals in achieving their objectives may enjoy business law. Attorneys who practice business law typically work in-house or for large legal firms.
This incredibly broad topic of law splits into two major sub-specialties.
- Small-business Law
This law focuses on the type of legal advice required at the early stages of a business, such as tax classifications, employing staff, and obtaining the necessary zoning and licensing.
- Corporate Law
Corporate law focuses on assisting clients in conducting their corporate activities effectively and legally. This may include dealing with an established company’s financial and structural status, as well as providing legal guidance on day-to-day operations.
While corporate law is one of the more lucrative areas of practice, the workload can be burdensome.
The following are some of the areas where corporate law is practiced:
- Intellectual property
- Legislative adherence
3. Criminal Law
Criminal law is concerned with the prosecution by the government of anyone who is accused of committing criminal conduct as defined by public law. Attorneys who practice criminal law typically have big caseloads and must be able to assimilate information rapidly and think on their feet. Burnout is particularly high in this field of law. If you want to practice criminal law, you should expect to spend the majority of your time in court.
Criminal lawyers are divided into two categories:
- Criminal Defense Lawyers: Lawyers who represent people accused of crimes are referred to as criminal defense lawyers.
- Prosecutors: also known as district attorneys represent the state’s interests in prosecuting criminal defendants.
4. Civil Rights Law
Lawyers who are enthusiastic about human rights choose civil rights as their area of practice. Civil rights such as freedom of speech and freedom from discrimination are guaranteed by the Constitution. When an individual’s, a business’s, or a government’s personal preferences and prejudices affect the protected rights of others, civil rights legislation is applied.
Attorneys who practice civil rights law concentrate on defending and expanding people’s civil rights. Despite the fact that this is a small and competitive field, many lawyers from various practices operate as civil rights lawyers. Full-time civil rights attorneys frequently serve the following organizations:
- Government bodies
- Non-Profit Organizations
- Firms that represent the public interest
- Large law companies provide a wide range of services
5. Environmental Law
Environmental and natural resources law focuses on natural resource-related legal and regulatory challenges. This area of practice required evaluating a plethora of complicated state, federal, and international statutes, treaties, regulations, and conventions.
Environmental and natural resource lawyers may work for governmental agencies, public interest groups, or organizations dedicated to environmental protection. The following are some of the practice areas in environmental and natural resources law:
- The state of the air and water
- Hazardous waste management
- Use of public lands
- Oil and gas exploration
- Licenses for electric power
- Regulations governing energy commerce
6. Personal Injury Law
Accidents and injuries that cause a person physical or emotional distress fall under the category of personal injury. A personal injury lawyer helps a victim to file a lawsuit against the responsible party under Personal injury law (also called Tort Law).
Personal injury lawsuits often address three major issues that can arise as a result of an incident:
- Actual physical harm: This includes motor accidents, workplace injuries, amputations due to medical malpractice, and others.
- Pain and suffering: This includes suffering caused due to the action of another person, such as defamations, threats, etc.
- Emotional distress: This claim might be filed for the victim’s fear, anger, acute stress disorder, depression, or any other non-physical disorder caused due to someone else negligence.
7. Health Law
Health law is a field that is always developing and expanding. It might be the profession for students who are detail-oriented, curious, and enjoy change. In-house attorneys are employed by several institutions and state entities including hospitals, nursing homes, medical devices manufacturers, health insurance companies, and others.
Regulations that affect the health care business and its patients are the focus of health law. The following are some of the areas in which you can practice health law:
- Public health Policy
- Medicare Policy
- Risk Management
- Clinical ethics and bioethics
8. Family Law
Family law or the law of domestic relations is a branch of law that deals with lawsuits related to family ties and contentious relationships that exist between them. Family law attorneys typically operate in small legal firms and love assisting clients through some of life’s most emotional and difficult times.
They not only represent clients in court but also draft critical legal papers for them. The following are some of the areas of practice in family law:
- Child custody and welfare
- Domestic violence
- Prenuptial agreements
9. Immigration Law
Immigration law is concerned with the acquisition of citizenship as well as the temporary or permanent settlement of people from one country to another. Countries usually have rules governing both entrance and exit rights, as well as inner basic freedoms such as length of stay, freedom of travel, and participation in commerce or governance.
An immigration lawyer may work for the government, a non-profit organization, a law firm, or a company that hires immigrants permanently. The following are some of the areas in which you can practice immigration law:
- Law on Asylum and Refugees
- Immigration legislation for businesses
- Immigrant’s defense against criminal charges and deportation
10. Tax law
Taxation law is the branch of law concerned with the collection and assessment of taxes. Tax law is continuously changing, and tax professionals are required to keep up with each new development. Tax lawyers frequently identify strategies to reduce an entity’s or individual’s tax burden. The following are some of the areas where tax law is practiced:
- Taxes on earnings
- Taxes on capital gains
- Evasion of taxes
11. Bankruptcy Law
Bankruptcy law is concerned with the legal process of dealing with the debt of people or businesses. Bankruptcy lawyers either represent a party who is a debtor or a party who is a creditor. However, most bankruptcy lawyers don’t spend much time in court. The majority of their time is spent evaluating financial documents and producing pleadings and other filings.
Bankruptcy lawyers mostly deal with:
- Bankruptcy legislation
- Finance for consumers
- The law of taxation
12. Intellectual Property Law
The legal rights associated with creative works and inventions are dealt with under intellectual property law. There are three types of intellectual property law:
- Copyright Law: The law of copyright governs literary and artistic works, such as books, music, and films.
- Trademark law: Brand names and logos are protected by trademark law.
- Patent law: Inventions and discoveries are governed under patent law.
Law affects practically every aspect of life, including health care, environment, human rights, technology, entertainment, international politics, and even cyber-security. If you are a law student, you have plenty of options to choose from for your future career. There is no such thing as a “normal” legal career or a “typical” law field. All that matters is your area of interest, your thirst for knowledge, and a desire to make a difference.